The International Criminal Court (ICC), an outgrowth of the WWII Nuremberg trials of Nazi leaders, is the world’s only permanent, independent, treaty-based international criminal court with jurisdiction over individual culpability for Crimes Against Humanity, War Crimes, Genocide and the Crime of Aggression. Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law alum, Enid H. Adler ’88, participated in the creation of this historic Court at a Treaty Conference of Nations, held in Rome in 1998. Over the years since Rome, Adler continually has been and is committed to active involvement in the growth and development of this Court, to international human rights and the rule of law. This takes her annually to The Hague, the seat of the Court, for meetings of the Assembly of States Parties (ASP) whose membership embodies the 125 countries who currently have ratified the ICC Treaty/Rome Statute.
Adler has agreed to donate to the Law Library her personal, extensive and unique collection of historical materials from the Court’s inception in 1998 to the present plus inclusion of future updates. Among the collection are her copious meeting notes and observations; transcripts, emails and other correspondence produced by non-governmental organizations whose participation is integral to the development and workings of the Court; Court cases; the Trust Fund for Victims; official statements from participating governments; multiple negotiations; numerous publicity materials, printed session materials, official ICC publications; and, as an amateur photographer, a narrative of events through her personal photos.
As a participant in the nongovernmental (NGO) Coalition for the International Criminal Court (CICC), Adler represented the Union Internationale des Avocats in Rome and, in succeeding years, the Philadelphia Bar Association, the American Bar Association and ABA Center for Human Rights, Americans for the ICC (AMICC), and continues her work in the Washington Working Group for the ICC (WICC). She was appointed to the CICC negotiating team to partake in eight years of deliberations with country delegates to develop criteria for the Crime of Aggression, not completed in Rome, thus coming under the Court’s jurisdiction through Amendment that was approved by the Assembly of States Parties at the Court’s First Review Conference in Kampala, Uganda in 2010. At this meeting, Adler’s additional responsibilities included her appointment to the ABA 2010 Task Force for the Kampala Review Conference.
The documents will be preserved by and made accessible in the Villanova Law Library. When completed, they will be digitized on the library’s online digital repository. Mrs. Adler stated, “I am thrilled to make my historic and comprehensive collection available for use by current, past and future VLS students and alums, researchers and the general public.”